Irish president signs abortion law repeal.
Ireland's constitutional protection of the unborn came to an end yesterday as the Eighth Amendment, which enshrined the right to life of the unborn, was formally removed.
President Michael D Higgins signed the Thirty-Sixth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2018, which enacts the result of May's referendum in which just under 67% of the electorate voted to repeal the Eighth Amendment. The article in question, "the State acknowledges the right to life of the unborn and, with due regard to the equal right to life of the mother, guarantees in its laws to respect, and, as far as practicable, by its laws to defend and vindicate that right" has now been removed, and replaced with "provision may be made by law for the regulation of termination of pregnancy".
In May, the country voted overwhelmingly to overturn the abortion ban by 66.4% to 33.6%. - a landslide win for the repeal side.
The Eighth Amendment had granted an equal right to life to the mother and the unborn child. With the repeal of the Eighth, the Irish government's recommendation is that women will be able to access a termination within the first 12 weeks of their pregnancy.
Taoiseach Leo Varadkar told the Dáil that legislation would be introduced in the October, with services available from January. However, doctors have expressed concerns about several aspects of the proposed legislation.
The Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, giving evidence before a Government committee, expressed concern about the need to have access to ultrasound facilities to date the pregnancy and to detect ectopic pregnancies. "Introduction of a termination of pregnancy service without adequate scanning facilities is fraught with risk" says the body's opening statement.
The Irish College of General Practitioners (ICGP) said that doctors "are concerned about the potential lack of appropriate specialist support, and the possibility of medical complications for their patients."
They also reiterated calls for a system where doctors would "opt-in" and choose to perform abortions. The Government has advocated a system where doctors could choose to conscientiously object and opt-out, but would have to refer to a colleague who would provide the abortion. Another doctors union, the National Association of GPs, previously called on the Health Minister to ensure an opt-in system, and advocates for "conscientious objection, without obligation to refer".
Pro-life commentators described the removal of the Eighth Amendment as "a sad day for human rights". The evidence is that it is also a sad and frightening day for women's health and for freedom of conscience.