Diabetes and physical activity.


Diabetes has become a widespread epidemic. The major forms of diabetes can be categorized as type 1 & type 2. Type 1 diabetes is caused due to an absolute deficiency of insulin secretion resulting from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes results from a combination of the inability of muscle cells to respond to insulin properly and inadequate compensatory insulin secretion.

Exercise may delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes and improve diabetes control. Whether you are at risk for diabetes or are looking for ways to help keep your blood sugar levels in check, get moving!

The adoption and maintenance of physical activity are critical foci for blood glucose management and overall health in individuals with diabetes and prediabetes.

Exercise helps control weight, lower blood pressure, lower harmful LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, raise healthy HDL cholesterol, strengthen muscles and bones, reduce anxiety, and improve your general well-being.
There are added benefits for people with diabetes, exercise lowers blood glucose levels and boosts your body's sensitivity to insulin, countering insulin resistance. Other benefits that physical activity provides with are:


◙   All forms of exercise, that is, aerobic, resistance, or doing both are equally good at lowering HbA1c values in people with diabetes. (HbA1c is your average blood glucose/sugar levels for the last two or three months)


◙    Flexibility and balance exercises are likely important for older adults with diabetes.

Limited joint mobility is frequently present, resulting in part from the formation of advanced glycation end products.


◙    Yoga promotes improvement in glycemic control, lipid levels, and body composition in adults with type 2 diabetes.


◙   Daily exercise, or at least not allowing more than 2 days to elapse between exercise sessions, is recommended to enhance insulin action.



◙    Adults with type 2 diabetes should ideally perform both aerobic exercise and resistance exercise training for optimal glycemic and health outcomes.


◙    Regular aerobic training increases muscle insulin sensitivity in individuals with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in proportion to exercise volume.

​​◙   ​Intensive lifestyle intervention is significantly greater sustainable in improving weight loss, cardiorespiratory fitness, blood glucose control, blood pressure, and lipids with fewer medications; less sleep apnea, severe diabetic kidney disease and retinopathy, depression, sexual dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and knee pain; and better physical mobility maintenance and quality of life.