Facts about the Preamble of India.

IMPORTANT CASES RELATED TO PREAMBLE

  • Berubari Union Advisory Opinion Case (1960) : It indicated that the Preamble of the Indian Constitution too cannot be treated as a part of the Constitution.
  • Kesavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala Case (1973) : The Supreme Court reversed the opinion and pronounced that the Preamble is the part of the Constitution .
  • LIC of India Case 1995 : The Supreme Court again held that Preamble is an Integral Part of the Constitution.


AMENDMENTS

  • Using Article 368, Preamble can be amended Provided that the basic structure of the Constitution found in the Preamble is not destroyed.
  • The Preamble of Indian constitution of India has been amended only once so far in 1976 by 42nd Amendment act 1976.Which added three new words SOCIALIST, SECULAR, INTEGRITY.
  • These amendment were recommended by Swaran Singh Committee.


QUICK DIGEST

  • The Idea of Preamble in Indian Constitution has been taken from Constitution of United States of America (USA).
  • It is also called Identity Card/ I-Card of Indian Constitution,Said by NA Palkhivala an Eminent Jurist.
  • The Objective Resolution,Proposed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and passed by the Constituent Assembly,Which ultimately became the Preamble to the Constitution of India.
  • In India Secularism means that the state shall respect all religions equally and there will be no special provisions for any Religion.
  • 42nd Amendment 1976 of Indian Constitution is also called Mini Constitution.